Automotive Cyber Security
Modern vehicles have different automotive hackers can attack The Vehicles. That’s why vehicle cybersecurity is critical for automobile safety…
Modern cars have dozens of computers on board, and they’re not just for running GPS or playing music. Computers monitor and control nearly every system on your vehicle, including steering, brakes, and the engine itself. This is why automotive cyber security is essential.
If a vehicle’s computer systems aren’t properly protected, hackers can steal data or even take control of the vehicle. As you can imagine, that makes automotive cyber security a major concern for consumers, auto companies, and OEMs alike.
But what is there to know about automotive cyber security? We’ll explore what cybersecurity in the automotive industry entails and what the biggest threats are to automotive connected vehicles and we will share how to protect connected vehicles from emerging cybersecurity threats.
Why Automotive Cyber Security more Importance
As we know that Modern vehicles rely heavily on advanced systems to monitor and control the vehicles different systems. If an auto’s technology isn’t secure, hackers can steal data, such as tracking your location information via GPS and internet over the cloud. But, it gets a lot scarier: hackers can even run commands, forcing a vehicle to obey the hacker instead of the driver. While getting your data stolen is a disconcerting thought, the idea that a hacker could take control of your car is outright terrifying. Hackers can use commands to activate or deactivate different features like your A/C and windshield wipers, or to control your steering, brakes, or engine,ADAS etc..
An Overview of Automotive Cyber Security
When we talk about automotive cyber security or vehicle cybersecurity, what exactly are we referring to? The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) defines it as the following:
Cybersecurity, within the context of road vehicles, is the protection of automotive electronic systems, communication networks, control algorithms, software, users, and underlying data from malicious attacks, damage, unauthorized access, or manipulation.”
Basically, when we say automotive cyber security, we’re talking about protecting the in-vehicle computer systems on automobiles from cybercriminals and other unauthorized individuals who might be up to no good.
Vehicle cybersecurity means implementing proven defenses to:
- Keep anyone from stealing your data (like your GPS location info or data that’s one your smartphone you connected to the Bluetooth speaker),
- Stop hackers from being able to control or manipulate your vehicle (for example, disabling the burglar alarm or tricking the collision avoidance system), and
- Ensure nobody can damage your vehicle (for example, resetting your oil change counter so you don’t get your oil changed on time).
According to the OEM’s there are seven critical areas in cybersecurity for connected vehicles:
- Security by design
- Risk assessment and management
- Threat detection and protection
- Awareness and training
Automotive Cyber Attack Methods
So, if an actor wants to take control of a vehicle or its systems, what do they need to do? First, they must find a way to break into the car’s systems. Doing this gives them an opportunity to compromise an electronic control unit (ECU) (that’s the automotive industry term for an automotive IoT device or computer) and to find a feature that they can compromise.
- Direct physical attacks. These types of attacks occur when someone has direct physical access to a vehicle, such as when it’s at a shop for repair or someone breaks into it. These attacks frequently involve use of onboard vehicle networks, ports, and various connectors. An attacker could install hardware or software that easily gives them control of your vehicle later (when you’re using it).
- Indirect physical vulnerabilities. Unlike the first, this type of attack requires some type of medium to carry out the attack. These mediums can include firmware updates, the use of SD cards and USB devices, etc. For example, an attacker could get a vehicle owner to plug in an MP3 player that’s infected with malware.
- Wireless vulnerabilities. This can include everything from short-range methods like Wi-Fi and Bluetooth attacks to long-range mechanisms that involve the use of GPS or cellular technologies. With these attacks, the hacker doesn’t need any type of physical access to your car.
- Sensor fooling vulnerabilities. While there aren’t any documented threats of this type as of this time, that doesn’t mean that sensors aren’t exploitable,
How to Build Security into Connected Vehicles
- Integrating the right solutions. Integrating an embedded firewall can help to identify and report threats.
- Protecting communications. This includes external communications to a vehicle, as well communications within the vehicle itself and communication between it and other vehicles
- Authenticating communications. This entails knowing who is communicating with a vehicle and blocking communication from unauthorized devices.
- Encrypting data. Encrypting data helps to protect privacy
What are the different ways to prevents?
By applying the Encrypting mechanism and key based locking we and avoid the attacks for more join with EBC